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Today's Gospel + short theological explanation

Tuesday 4th of Lent

Gospel text (Jn 5,1-3.5-16): There was a feast of the Jews and Je¬sus went up to Jerusalem. Now, by the Sheep Gate in Je-rusalem, there is a pool (called Beth¬zatha in Hebrew) surrounded by five galleries. In these galleries lay a multitude of sick people —blind, lame and paralyzed. There was a man who had been sick for thirty-eight years. Jesus saw him, and since he knew how long this man had been lying there, He said to him (…), «stand up, take your mat and walk». And at once the man was healed, and he took up his mat and walked. Now that day happened to be the Sabbath (…). So the Jews persecuted Jesus because He per¬formed healings like that on the Sabbath.

The fourth Gospel does not derive from the Gnosticism

EDITORIAL TEAM evangeli.net (based on texts by Benedict XVI) (Città del Vaticano, Vatican)

Today, while we contemplate this episode, we consider the origin of the Fourth Gospel, which peculiarity has led the modern critical investigation to doubt its “historical” character, considering it as a late “theological reconstruction” (posterior to the Apostles). However, some papyri of the 2nd century, found in Egypt, proved that it must have been written already in the 1st century…

Some authors (Bultman…) declared that the guidelines of the fourth Gospel came from the “Gnosticism”. But historically “gnosis” appeared as a spiritual movement not before the end of the I Century. Finally, the investigation about John confirmed that this Gospel: 1. Is based in an extraordinary accurate knowledge of places and times (characteristic of someone who is perfectly familiar with the Palestine of Jesus’ time); 2. His argumentation is based on the Old Testament and is profoundly rooted in the Judaism of that time.

—John’s Gospel explicitly tells us that it dates back to an eyewitness of the Crucified: "He who saw it has borne witness (…) and he knows that he tells the truth, that you also may believe" (Jn 19,35).