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Today's Gospel + short theological explanation

Sunday 31st (A) in Ordinary Time

Gospel text (Mt 23,1-12): Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: «The teachers of the Law and the Pharisees sat on the seat of Moses. So you shall do and observe all they say, but do not do as they do, for they do not do what they say. They tie up heavy burdens and load them on the shoulders of the people, but they do not even raise a finger to move them (…). Neither should you call anyone on earth “Father”, because you have only one Father, he who is in heaven (…)».

Origen of the "Natural Law"

EDITORIAL TEAM evangeli.net (based on texts by Benedict XVI) (Città del Vaticano, Vatican)

Today, is not self-evident to recognize what is right in anthropological issues. Could there be a "Cathedra" acceptable to all? How can we discern between good and evil, between the real Law and the "apparent Law"? With regard to the dignity of man, of course, the “majority” principle is not enough.

In history, systems of law have almost always been based on religion. However, Christianity has never proposed a revealed “law” to the State and to society. Instead, it has pointed to nature and reason as the true sources of law; to the harmony of objective and subjective reason, which naturally presupposes that both spheres are rooted in the creative reason of God. Indeed, Christian theologians thereby aligned themselves with a philosophical and juridical movement that began to take shape in the 2nd century B.C., when the Social Natural Law (developed by the Stoic philosophers) came into contact with the Roman Law.

—Through this “providential” encounter, the juridical culture of the West was born, which is of key significance for the culture of mankind.