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Today's Gospel + short theological explanation

Christmas: December 31st

Gospel text (Jn 1,1-18): In the beginning was the Word. And the Word was with God and the Word was God; he was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him and without him nothing came to be. Whatever has come to be, found life in him, life which for humans was also light (…). For the Light was coming into the world, the true Light that enlightens everyone. He was already in the world and through him the world was made, the very world that did not know him. He came to his own, yet his own people did not receive him (…).

The "ox and the donkey"

EDITORIAL TEAM evangeli.net (based on texts by Benedict XVI) (Città del Vaticano, Vatican)

Today, before the smallness of Jesus-God, the Gospel solemnly proclaims His divinity: His highest dignity is based on the reference to God, the Father. But who can recognize Him as God? According to Isaiah (1:3), "the ox and the donkey", i.e., beings with so simple a heart that at least the ox "knows" its owner and the donkey its master’s crib.

At Christmas the "ox and the donkey" (the simple of heart) are shepherds, the Magi, Mary and Joseph. Could it have been otherwise? The cave stall, where the Baby Jesus lay, was not inhabited by refined persons; it was, in fact, the home of the ox and the donkey. And what is our position? Are we very far from that stall precisely because we are too refined and intelligent? Don’t we perhaps live too much in "Jerusalem", in the "Palace", to perceive in the night the voices of angels so that we may join them in the manger in adoring him?

—On the Holy night, the faces of the ox and the donkey remind us of the question: my people do not understand; do you understand the voice of your Lord?